Bar models in Maths helped to show our understanding of how to calculate a fraction of a whole number. Well done!
What’s been happeningNursery, Reception, Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
We were so excited to see the fire brigade coming to help up fill up our pond! Some of us even got to wear the fire fighter’s helmet and jacket! A great big thank you to the Cambridge fire service.Event, Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
On Tuesday 2nd July, Queen Emma enjoyed an Arts Festival where all classes enjoyed a mix of art, English and musical activities. We had a great day (as you can see by the pictures below).
Nursery enjoyed a musical sessions with Rat-a-Tat and lots of outdoors activities. Reception and KS1 listened to local group Shake, Rattle and Roll who brought a range of exciting musical instruments in. Year 1 also had an amazing morning working together to paint outside. Year 2 created some weird and wonderful magical potions and investigated ‘The Air we Breathe.’
KS2 enjoyed a musical performance from members of St John’s Choir. Year 3 also loved a recorder workshop and made beautiful natural clay faces. Year 4 decorated tiles with stunning Islamic patterns and Year 5 made origami to hang in school. Year 6 enjoyed a performance from The King’s Men at Queen Edith before making dreamcatchers.
Special thanks must go to volunteers from the community who came in to run some of the activities. It was greatly appreciated and the whole day was thoroughly enjoyed by all.Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
KS2 Sports Day
We were very proud of all of our children in KS2 who took part in our sports afternoon on Friday 28th June. Everyone demonstrated great sportsmanship,determination and teamwork skills, which made it a very enjoyable afternoon for all.
Huge congratulations to Hawking house who were victorious with 775 points.Year 1, Year 2
KS1 Well-being Morning
As part of Well-being Wednesday in KS1, we have had a fantastic morning taking part in a variety of different sporting activities in order to look after our physical well-being. There were 6 different activities:
Balancing a ball on a racquet
Right on target! Throwing bean bags to a target
Well done KS1 on a fantastic morning. You worked really well as a team
Thank you to the Year 6 Sports Leaders and the staff who helped make the morning run smoothly.
What a wonderful show! Congratulations to Musical Theatre Club who entertained their friends and families with a wonderful performance of ‘Hoodwinked’ on Tuesday 4th June.Year 6
What a fabulous time was had by all! The children enjoyed a wide range of activities including windsurfing, sailing, paddle boarding, kayaking, raft building, mountain biking, indoor climbing, archery, crate stacking and bushcraft skills. They even survived the mysterious Grafham challenge!
As part of our ‘Food, glorious food’ topic, Year 1 have been busy bees! They have worked hard on their class gardens, planting lots of seedlings and keeping them watered! They have discovered putting mint leaves in drinking water makes it taste delicious, and it is very healthy! We look forward to watching and helping the garden grow.Year 4
Year 4 are embarking on a cross stitching project this half term. We have designed a bookmark, and have just begun to practise the stitches we need to successfully complete it. It is all looking sew good!Year 4
Line Graph Activities
The Year Fours have been busy using their maths skills in statistics to create line graphs based on activities they designed themselves. Fantastic effort!Year 5
In history, Year 5 have been learning about the timeline of the Ancient Egyptian civilisation; we were amazed to learn that it started in 3100 BC and ended in 30BC! Working as a class, we made a timeline starting from 3100 BC until modern day, which was 52 metres long! When we understood how to order the dates, we then made our own Egyptian timeline by working in groups. We look forward to the rest of the topic.Year 6
We are very proud of our Year 6 Maths Challenge teams who recently competed at St Faith’s. One team came 12th and the other 33rd out of 51 teams. Well done!Year 5
Year 5 have been busy creating their African masks as part of our D&T lessons. They started by sketching their chosen animal before creating the mask by building up layers of cardboard with papier-mâché. After the masks were created, the children painted them to produce the final affect. We had a great time creating our masks and the children should be very proud of their creations!Year 5
The children in Year 5 had a fantastic opportunity to take part in a week of exciting activities!Year 4
Inference skills were shared and practised in groups before trying them independently.Year 4
We have practised our I-Pad animation with some lovely results.Year 4
Fractions and Decimals
Throughout last term we found ways to show equivalencies between fractions and decimals.
We used computers to consolidate our understanding of combining decimal numbers to make 1.Year 4
In art, we practised our parallel lines before attempting perspective art.Year 2
Penguin class got very messy exploring seeds during their science lesson. We learnt that all plants that have seeds are a fruit. Some fruits have internal seeds and others like strawberries have their seeds externally. We then planted some of these seeds. I wonder if any of them will grow in our country?Year 5
Year 5 completed their ‘Mini Enterprise’ topic with their biscuit making day. The children worked in their baking team and made the biscuits they had designed and planned using a very basic recipe. The children were very creative and the biscuits were very yummy! Once the biscuits were made, the children were able to sell their biscuits. After this, the children analysed and evaluated their products and suggested improvements. Well done Year 5.Year 4
We put our understanding of computers into practise when we were visited by experts in robotics. In small groups, we constructed our robot, then coded it to make it move! An amazing morning!Year 4
During Book Week Falcon Class had the opportunity to perform some of their ideas about our class book. Well done performers! At the end of Book Week we all enjoyed our final reading with a little cookies and milk. It was a perfect way to finish off an exciting week!
For D&T we have started to think about a design for our burglar alarm. We have created a classroom layout and have identified areas where our alarm could be located.
Visit from the King and Queen
Year 1 children had a visit from the king and queen as an exciting introduction to our Castles topic.
Miss Barltrop and Mrs Rutter had to look after their horses outside while they talked to the children about different types of castle.
In year four, we have been using Purple Mash to develop our own animation. Have a look at some of our creations!Year 5
Today year 5 completed a maths investigation using multilink. The children had to work systematically to add different fractions together to make one whole. We had a great time adding fractions in a practical way.Year 5
The Zebra class bakery is officially open! The children are now in their baking teams and have chosen their own baking name and designed their logos. Here are their designs:Reception
Reception have been working hard in D&T this term. As part of their theme based on the book ‘Lost and Found’, the children were given a picture of a finished penguin as well as the steps that they could take to decorate them. The children then had the choice between following the design or making their own penguin. They were provided with a range of tools and materials to do this. The finished penguins looked fantastic. Well done everyone!Year 1
Under The Sea Day
We had a fantastic day consolidating our learning about the zones of the ocean with a visiting expert called Stephen. He explained how scientists find out about the zones by travelling under the sea to different depths using special equipment. He also demonstrated the three zones using a bottle filled with liquids of different densities. We found out more amazing facts about the oceans and the creatures that live in the different zones. We also created a collage of the zones of the ocean.Year 1
We have been exploring place value up to 50 through lots of practical activities. We compared numbers using < and >; partitioned into tens and ones; and represented numbers on tens frames, with dienes and using Numicon. We have also used bead strings and hundred squares to help us show bigger numbers.
Year 1 have also been explaining our thinking and any patterns we can see – we have been very busy Mathematicians!
We have been focusing on fraction work in year four. Our fractions-in-action has included a game to help us recognise the numerator and denominator for all fractions. Lovely partner work!
Multiplication and Division
We have been learning about groups to help us to understand multiplication and division. First we made groups using objects like pasta and lollypop sticks, then we went to make the groups using house point counters in rows and columns to create arrays.
For example, 3 groups of 2 are 6. 2 groups of 3 are 6.
10 divided by 2, how many groups of 2 in 10?
In year four we have focused on financial responsibilities. We can understand how people spend their money on different things, so we set a challenge for groups. They were to discuss and decide on some possibilities for what to spend £10 on. We had some very enthusiastic discussions! Well done all!Reception
In Reception, we have been talking about winter and thinking about changes that happen during this season. The children went outside and used chalk to draw winter trees, describing what they had drawn.Reception
In Reception, we have been exploring melting and freezing. The children put white and milk chocolate into a bowl which was inside a bowl of hot water, stirring it until it had all melted. We then poured the melted chocolate into ice cube trays and put it in the freezer. The next day, we looked at the now solid chocolate and discussed what it had happened to it. The children really enjoyed eating it!Reception
The animals were stuck in the ice! The children had to work out how to melt the ice to set the animals free. They melted the ice using warm water, salt and by holding it in their hands to warm it up.Year 6
Year 6 have been writing newspaper reports. To support their learning they have looked at a number of newspapers aimed for children. They have been interested in reading the articles, playing the games and learning about their community.
We have also got a subscription to First News, which is proving of great interest to the children.Year 6
Year 6 have thoroughly enjoyed researching and learning about some rather unique animals. The topic has been about how different animals have adapted to their environments in order to help survival.Year 4
The year 4’s have been using story maps and dictionaries to help support their learning in English. Well done!
The year 3’s have been designing and creating a template for their clay pots before developing the clay model next week. Great work!Year 4
In music, we put into practise our understanding of the pentatonic scale by using just 5 notes to work out the tune for a song we had learnt. We then played it on the glockenspiels as the class sang along! What fun!Year 4
The Golden Age of Islam
In year 4, we have been focusing on “The Golden Age of Islam.” Here, we have focused on the 5 pillars of Islam and what they mean.Year 2
The year 2’s were busy mixing colours to create different values; lighter colours were tints and darker ones were hues. We then shared our work and discussed it using our new art vocabulary! Fabulous work year 2’s!Year 4
We used our understanding of area to create mosaic patterns. We created a template with pencil first, before using square paper “tiles” to recreate the pattern on paper. Gorgeous designs!
Our practical application of area had the year 4’s calculating tile squares down the corridor! Well done!Year 2
Year 2 have spent a chilly lesson exploring ice. Things that we discovered and wanted answering were;
- Ice can melt and turns slippery when handled. The warmth from our hands make the ice melt which turns the ice into water. This is a reversible change.
- Ice shrinks when it melts.
- Some of the ice was opaque and other pieces were transparent. Why is this?
- Salt speeds up the melting process if put onto ice.
- Some ice is bumpy and rough but it can also be smooth.
Adapted Multi Sport Competition
Four children from our school took part in the annual Primary Adapted Multi Sport PLUS Competition which took place with school children from across the Cambridge & South Cambs School Sports Partnerships.
The morning was full of activity and excitement with children competing in pairs as they rotated around four different sports: Polybat, Boccia, Table Cricket and New Age Kurling. For many of the children this was their first experience of representing their school and taking part in competitive sport so the event was very much about the children having an enjoyable experience and trying out some new sports, with an element of competition added in. The points from each activity were added together to give each pair a total and determine the winners.Year 4
This half term the year 4’s are enjoying honing their skills in cricket. With the help of a coach, we are learning some techniques to help practise and understand the game a bit more. Well done!Year 5
Having completed their flashback stories, the children worked in groups to act them out. They focused on some key aspects of drama, such as body language, voice projection, physical gestures and facial expressions.Year 4
The year 4’s have been learning about pentatonic scales and some songs with that in mind. In our initial lesson, we practised one such song and accompanied it with various instruments.Year 5
Today year 5 worked collaboratively to create posters representing multiplication through build it, say it, write it and draw it!
Penguin class have been busy creating a dance based upon fire. We came up with a variety of movements that represented a burning ember, to a roaring fire and then slowly the fire dying out. We have also listened to the classical piece of music titled ‘Ritual Fire Dance’by Manuel da Falla basing our movements upon the dynamics of the music. Finally we used paper flames to help us with our movements. We can’t wait to perform it to another class!Year 4
We have started to think about the Golden Age of Islam. By looking at art in Mosques, we spotted calligraphy as part of the decorative touches that can be found there. We tried our own calligraphy by writing our names in Arabic!Year 4
In maths, we took time to review multiplication facts, including factors of different numbers. We complete “factor bugs” to help represent factors of these numbers.
When we finished factor bugs, we put our understanding into practise by playing a game designed to test us on our knowledge of the factors we discussed.Year 4
In English, we used the picture book “Quest” to discuss our ideas of features of a quest story. We shared our thoughts and created a list we then referred to throughout the week.Year 4
We had the opportunity to use the ICT suite this week to look at coding within the Purple Mash programme. At the end of the week we used what we learnt to complete I-Pad challenges. Fantastic work!Year 5
Our new English unit is flashback stories and Year 5 had en exciting ‘hook’ lesson to get things started. Working with a partner, the children decided where each of the mysterious items had come from and the story that each item told. We shared some amazing ideas – from dragons guarding castles to hidden treasure beneath the desert!Year 5
Year 5 have already been very busy in 2019, in our maths lessons. We have been learning to multiply using concrete resources (base 10 and place value counters) before moving on to the abstract calculation. The children always have access to the concrete resources should they need them.Year 5
Year 5 had a fantastic end to our topic with Space Day! During our day we tested our dexterity skills; worked on our teamwork; ensured we hand great hand-eye coordination and even landed some Mars Rovers! We finished the day with a talk from an astronomer Mathew and graduated from the Queen Emma Space Academy. We would like to thank the parents who helped the children with their costumes.Year 5
Year 5 had a terrific day with our visitors, 88 Pianists. We learned a little bit about pulse and rhythm, before we constructed our own mechanism for playing a musical note. Later, we explored our creativity when designing a unique way to play the piano. We would like to thank our visitors from 88 Pianists for taking care of us and making our day so enjoyable!Year 4
We have used Atlases to help with understanding our own geographical area as well as those surrounding us.Year 4
We have been looking at Quest stories and developing our ideas through partner work and idea sharing.Year 4
Looking and noting the various methods for calculation and proving our ideas has helped when focusing on multiplication and division facts.Year 4
Our paper mechanisms allowed us to design books based on our topic of study. By practising first, we were able to create a spring mechanism, an open the flap example, and a pull and push model for our books.Year 4
We used performance to develop tableaus based on Robert Falcon Scott’s Diary entries. This helped us with our later writing.Year 5
In English the children have been performing space poetry as part of our poetry unit. The children agreed that it is important to practice reading poetry, as this develops our speech and acting skills. We had a great time thinking about expression and actions.Reception
The children worked really hard at preparing for the Christmas show and then performing it to the school and their parents. We are very proud of the way they learnt the Christmas story and sang a range of Christmas songs in the play. Well done Reception!Year 6
The children in year 6 really demonstrated their growth mindsets this week in maths. The challenge: Can you make letters of the alphabet from a piece of A4 paper, by folding as many folds as you need, but only make one cut in a straight line? The answer: YES! The letter ‘G’ is proving difficult and is a work in progress, however the children managed to write the word ‘TEXTIN’. Lots of mathematical elements contributed towards the success of this lesson.Event, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
Cross Country Championship
The children in KS2 had a fantastic morning at Netherhall taking part in the annual Cambridge CSSP Cross Country Championship! The key theme of this year’s event was ‘determination’ and the Queen Emma team certainly were determined! We were so proud of all who took part. We look forward to returning again next year!Event, Year 5, Year 6
Queen Emma entered their first ever football tournament this year. The children played extremely well together, demonstrated amazing support for each other and played fairly. All of which helped win the tournament! The children, parents and staff are all excited about progressing to the next stage of the competition.Year 5
In Maths, the children developed their understanding of perimeter during a practical maths lesson outside! They took rulers and measuring wheels with them, to measure the perimeter of the school playground.Year 5
In music, the children have been focusing on songs based on the solar system. This week the children learnt the term ostinato (a repeating pattern). We then played the ostinato in the song ‘A Starry Night’ using the glockenspiels .Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
The children of Queen Emma remember
To honour all who lost their lives in WW1, every child in Queen Emma made a poppy to create a whole school art installation. Come to the top of the Atrium stairs and take a look.Year 5
Painting the Moon
As part of our topic, the children have been creating their own paintings of the moon. To do this, the children practised mixing black and white paint to make numerous shades of grey. The varying shades, were then used to create a detailed painting of the moon and its many craters.Year 1
Aliens love underpants!
We enjoyed the story ‘Aliens Love Underpants’ but then something strange happened.
The pants we made went missing! We looked around the school and asked questions to find out information. We are going to write news articles about what’s happened using time openers.
Footprints and a pair of pants were found. There were a pair of pants in the bushes! Pegs that were dropped.
Year 1 searched for clues outside and investigators reported back information from the office staff and Miss Stubbs.Year 4
We looked at some different explorers we will concentrate on throughout the term. We discussed some important details about each before making our own posters. Fabulous work!Year 4
Falcon Class Assembly
Falcon Class was very excited to perform their class assembly for friends and family. We had an amazing response to our efforts, all down to the work put in at home. Thank you all who helped to make the performance outstanding.Year 4
We worked in groups using squares to find the design which would give the biggest and smallest perimeter. Great cooperation and communication was used throughout the activity.Year 2
Fairy Tale Maps
Penguin class have been exploring maps and will eventually make their own fairy tale map, relating to their topic of ‘Traditional Tales.’ The children looked at a variety of maps and discussed their similarities and differences. They also went on an epic journey on google maps, travelling all over the world and exploring far flung cities.Year 6
Making a poster for topic lessons to advertise South America, showed off the children’s hard work learning of persuasive writing, team work, communication and also, their enjoyment of learning. The posters are displayed for visitors to share the pride the children have taken in their work.Year 6
Learning about South America in topic lessons has been a great way for us all to learn even more about each other. We have some first-hand experience of families from Argentina and lots of places that some of us have visited. Using the maps has helped to understand climate change and make predictions about why age expectancy varies from continent to continent. The topic has lead to some children continuing their learning at home to find out challenge questions of interest to us all.Year 4
In maths, we practised our number-line work by creating different numbers using place value charts, and then ordering them.Year 4
A full football practise! We put or skills together to have some mini football activities based on the skills practised throughout the term.Year 4
We began looking at adverts and found key features in them and named them. We then created our own advert based on our own product and used the same features in our own written texts. Fantastic work!Year 4
The year fours had an amazing “Roman Day” to finish off Last term. We dressed as Romans, had a Roman feast and practised some Roman Army formations. A brilliant day for all!Year 6
Year 6 have been marking the 100 years since the end of WW1 with the upmost respect that it deserves. The children listened to music by a group of girls who all had a parent in the armed forces.
Poppy making was a great way to be creative, respectful and share time talking with friends about how fortunate we are today.Reception
This week we have been talking about Bonfire Night. The children have enjoyed making their own fireworks using paint, chalks, crayons and even leaves!Reception
In Owl Class we have been practising recognising Numicon. Some of the children went on a hunt in the outdoor area to find the giant Numicon and place it in order from 1 to 10. We have also been looking at using Numicon to make different numbers, for example ‘4 and 2 make 6’ and ‘8 and 2 make 10’.Year 6
This term year 6 are learning about Electricity and the symbols used to draw a range of circuits. They started off by making a range circuits, using: a cell, light bulbs, buzzers, motors and crocodile clips. Team work to problem solve shone through strongly.
The children then had the challenge to turn a drawing using pictures into a Scientific drawing using symbols. A good start to the topic.Year 6
As the children are becoming more independent and considering travelling to school independently, Bikeability has provided the children with lots of skills and learning to help keep them safe on the streets. The children took part in level 1 on the school playground before many achieved level 2. The children took on board their new learning and worked well supporting each other throughout the week.Year 5, Year 6
Pride in our school
Later years have been working hard creating posters to depict ‘pride in our school’. To do this, the children had the choice of using: pens and pencils, paint, pastels and chalk or collage. We really enjoyed working as a phase and using our art skills.Year 2
Story Telling Afternoon
Year 2 invited parents and carers to come in for a story telling afternoon. There were lots of fun activities enjoyed.Year 6
Simplifying and ordering fractions on a number line has been a real challenge this week. However, everyone has really persevered and challenged themselves, meaning that the progress throughout the week has been amazing. The children enjoyed finishing the topic by playing some quite challenging fraction games.Year 4
In art we continued to look at Andy Goldsworthy and his environmental art. With the items brought from home, we created our own natural sculptures.
In science we looked at classification. We designed our own questions to help classify animals.Year 1
Traction Man and Scrubbing Brush!
We have had such a busy half term in Year 1! We embarked on an exciting adventure with Traction Man and his trusty pet Scrubbing Brush! We wrote adventure stories and character descriptions in English, we investigated materials for Traction Man’s waterproof suit in Science and we became addition heroes in Maths! We loved exploring a range of toys from the past, lent to us by the Toy Museum in Cambridge. We cannot wait for some Space filled excitement next half term….
This week Penguin class went back in time to the Victorian Era to learn a little more about the significant nurse, Florence Nightingale. They learnt that Florence had to persuade her mother and sister about her desire to help people, rather than get married and go to lavish parties. So the children worked in groups of 3’s, taking on each character and role playing what Florence may have said to her mother and sister. The children took their roles very seriously and there were some fantastic performances at the end.
We have been using Talk for Writing techniques to explore and learn ‘Stone Age Boy’ by Satoshi Kitamura. The adventure story is about a boy who time travels back to the stone age and meets a girl who shows him what stone age life was like. They have an exciting time together before he time travels back and becomes an archaeologist later in life. We retold the story using actions and made story maps. We also looked at the parts of the story and boxed it up into 5 parts.Year 3
In History we found different artifacts around school and inferred what they were used for. They were all from the Stone Age! We have also been learning about Stone Age art. We discovered that they draw or painted on the sides of caves using hands as stencils. They also painted amazing pictures of the animals that were around in the Stone Age, many of which are extinct now. We used chalk and charcoal to make our own cave pictures.Year 4
We combined our year 4 classes to practice some football drills in PE. We looked at handling and control of the ball. During our indoor PE lesson we have been working on balance. It is all in preparation for our gymnastic competition at the end of this half term.Year 4
We worked together to place numbers on a number line in Maths. We then discussed our reasoning. We also worked together to create numbers from different digits and then order them.Year 4
For English, we worked in a group to select the writing features of our model text. This helped us to recognise important elements to include in our own writing.
We have been settling into the year 4 routines. In maths we spent some time working in groups to think about place value.Year 4
We worked together in groups and then as a class to choose 5 rules for our year 4 classroom. We enjoyed sharing some of our ideas with the class
We have created some spaghetti art! After looking at examples of art from Andy Goldsworthy, we made our own using some of his techniques.
We had an opportunity to use I-pads and think about coding. We followed instructions to direct a sprite to move in different ways.Year 4
We have done some research with the computers. In ICT we logged onto the computers before finding our research page about Romans. This has helped to work towards a topic-based word mat for us to use throughout the term.Year 5
To kick start our year, Zebra class made the tallest structure they could, out of spaghetti and marshmallows. This enabled us to work on our team building skills and was a lot of fun!Year 5
The children have been using the maths resources to create different numbers in our place value lessons. Even in year 5 it is important to use the resources available. These will always be accessible to the children in their lessons (should they need them).
Year 5 immersed themselves in their Ancient Britain topic with a visit to West Stow. We had an exciting morning exploring some reconstructed homes of Anglo-Saxons and in the afternoon, observed some ancient artefacts in the museum.
October – Art
Art in year 6 has been focusing on Paul Nash art. A lot of discussions about the colours and themes used to represent World War Two. The children took their time to recreate a piece of art work in the style of Paul Nash.Year 6
October – Writing
Year 6 writing has got off to a fantastic start. The children are further developing their editing and proof reading skills that they have learnt throughout the years. It has been exciting to share the children’s newspaper reports with each other about World War Two.Year 6
September – Light
During Science, year 6 have been learning about light. The children have had the opportunity carry out practical experiments to help understand theories and see the results for themselves. The new scientific vocabulary has been remembered well by the children and they are developing confidence using it verbally when discussing their learning so far.Year 5, Year 6
Congratulations to Year 5 and 6 on your fantastic production of ‘Shakespeare Rocks.’ This fresh, funny and up to date look at the life and times of William Shakespeare, gave us a cast of hilarious historical characters, amusing glimpses into some of his works and an understanding of how he came ‘to be!’ The singing was full of energy and the acting superb throughout. Special mentions must go to the wonderful soloists who performed so confidently in both performances. An enormous thank you to everyone who played a part in making this fantastic production come to life – what a wonderful way to end our summer term.
Spread the word…Shakespeare didn’t just write….he rocked!Nursery
Children in nursery enjoyed welcoming families into the nursery garden to enjoy our Activity Days. They enjoyed practising the activities and then leading the adults. We talked together about healthy eating and keeping healthy. The children made fruity flapjacks and enjoyed sharing them at the end of the session.
Thank you very much to all the parents and family members who came to join us. We all had a really great time and it was wonderful to spend time together.Reception
Three Billy Goats Gruff
This half term, we have enjoyed learning the story ‘The Three Billy Goats Gruff’. Once we had practised the story, we created a class story map to help us to remember it. The children took part in a variety of activities to develop their learning linked to the story. They made their own puppets of the characters from the story and put on puppet shows for others to watch. Additionally, they designed and created their own bridges using different construction toys. They also painted their own trolls and carefully cut them out.